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Cornea Health Screening

The cornea, the eye's outermost layer, plays a crucial role in focusing your vision. Being transparent and curved, it allows light to enter the eye, contributing significantly to the eye's ability to see clearly. However, various conditions can affect cornea health, impacting vision quality and overall eye health. This article delves into the importance of cornea health, common corneal conditions, preventive measures, and the latest treatments available.

Importance of Cornea Health

Apart from our lens, the cornea enhances our eyes ability to bend light for clear vision, and ensures that light reaches the retina with pristine clarity, minimizing any distortion or loss in quality and it also The cornea serves as a guardian of the eye’s inner workings. Another less known fact about our cornea is that it also filters a certain UV light. Any damage or disease affecting the cornea can lead to blurred vision or, in severe cases, blindness. Hence, understanding cornea health is essential for early detection and treatment of corneal conditions.

Common Corneal Conditions

  • Keratitis: Inflammation of the cornea, often caused by infection.
  • Corneal Ulcer: An open sore on the cornea, usually resulting from infection.
  • Dry Eye Syndrome: A condition where the eyes do not produce enough tears, leading to inflammation and damage.
  • Keratoconus: A degenerative disorder causing the cornea to thin and bulge into a cone-like shape, distorting vision.
  • Pterygium: The growth of a non-cancerous, triangular-shaped tissue on the conjunctiva. This growth often extends onto the cornea, affecting vision and causing discomfort.
  • Fuchs’ Dystrophy: A slow-progressing condition affecting the innermost layer of the cornea, leading to vision impairment.

Preventive Measures

Maintaining cornea health involves regular eye examinations, wearing protective eyewear which includes sunglass when outdoors, and practicing good hygiene, especially for contact lens wearers. Additionally, using non preservative artificial tears regularly and managing underlying health conditions, such as diabetes or autoimmune disease, can prevent or reduce corneal complications.

Advanced Treatments

Advancements in medical science have introduced various treatments for corneal diseases, including:

  • Antibiotic Eye Drops: For bacterial infections.
  • Corneal Transplantation: Replacing damaged cornea with healthy donor tissue.
  • Laser Eye Surgery: To correct vision and treat specific corneal conditions.
  • Artificial Corneas: For cases where traditional transplantation is not viable.
Eye care professional examining patient for dry eye symptoms with slit lamp in clinic

Make an appointment with us

Making an appointment at Top One Optical is a seamless and customer-friendly process, designed to ensure you receive timely and expert care for all your vision needs. Simply WhatsApp us to schedule your appointment at a time that’s convenient for you.

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Top One Optical Cornea Health Screening

Cornea screening involves several tests to evaluate the health, structure, and function of the cornea. These tests can diagnose corneal diseases, infections, and other conditions affecting the cornea and provide comprehensive data on corneal health, aiding in the diagnosis, management, and treatment planning for various corneal conditions. Regular cornea screenings are essential for maintaining optimal eye health, especially for individuals at risk of corneal diseases or those experiencing symptoms of corneal problems.

Visual Acuity Test

This measures how well you can see at distances. It’s usually the first step in any eye examination and helps determine if vision impairment is linked to corneal issues.

 Slit Lamp Examination

A slit lamp is a microscope that allows the optometrist or ophthalmologist to examine the cornea and other parts of the eye in detail. It can identify corneal scratches, scars, ulcers, and signs of keratoconus or other corneal dystrophies.

Corneal Topography

This test maps the surface curvature of the cornea, providing detailed information about its shape and contour. Corneal topography is crucial for diagnosing conditions like keratoconus and for planning refractive surgery or contact lens fitting.

Pachymetry

Pachymetry measures the thickness of the cornea. It’s essential for assessing patients’ eligibility for refractive surgery and is also used in the diagnosis and management of glaucoma, as corneal thickness can affect intraocular pressure readings.

Keratometry

Keratometry measures the cornea’s curvature to assess its refractive power. This test is especially useful for fitting contact lenses and for planning cataract surgery procedures.

Tear Film Evaluation (Dry Eye Assessment)

Though not exclusively a corneal test, assessing the tear film is crucial since a healthy tear film protects and nourishes the cornea. Tests like the Schirmer test or tear breakup time (TBUT) can diagnose dry eye syndrome, affecting corneal health.

Fluorescein Staining

By applying a dye to the eye, this test can reveal corneal abrasions, ulcers, or foreign bodies. It’s particularly useful for identifying issues that are not visible with a standard examination.

Our Branches

Puchong

No. 80G, No. 80G, Jalan Bandar 2, Pusat Bandar Puchong, 47100 Puchong, Selangor

Opening hours: 
Monday- Saturday: 9.30am – 8pm
Sunday: 9.30am – 1pm

Directions to our Puchong branch

Seri Kembangan

No. 37, Jalan BS 4/1, Taman Bukit Serdang, 43300 Seri Kembangan, Selangor

Opening hours: 
Monday- Saturday: 9.30am – 8pm
Sunday: 9.30am – 1pm

Directions to our Seri Kembangan branch

Ampang

No. 3, Jalan Bunga Tanjung 9c, Taman Putra, 68000 Ampang, Selangor

Opening hours: 
Monday- Saturday: 10am – 7pm
Sunday: 10am – 3pm

Directions to our Ampang branch

Taman Equine

No. 37, Jalan Equine 9, Taman Equine, 43300 Seri Kembangan, Selangor

Opening hours: 
Monday- Saturday: 10am – 7pm
Sunday: 10am – 1pm

Directions to out Taman Equine branch